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Rare Books on Sindh

Over 75,000 Pages worth of rare material

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Courtesy M H Panhwar Trust

 

Welcome to Panhwar.com a web site dedicated to

M. H. Panhwar

1925 - 2007 0

00

This site is dedicated to lifetime work of Mr. M. H. Panhwar (Muhammad Hussain Panhwar)  00

M.H. Panhwar (Muhammad Hussain Panhwar) was born on 25th December 1925 in village Ibrahim Panhwar district Dadu. He completed his BS (Mech. & Elec.) 1949 and MS (Ag. Eng.) from University of Wisconsin USA in 1953. Professionally he specialized in ground water development, earth moving, agricultural machinery, water logging, salinity control drainage and agriculture. He worked with government of Sindh and West Pakistan as Agriculture Engineer in Sindh 4 years and Superintending Engineer for Sindh and Baluchistan for 12 years up to the end of 1969. From 1970 onwards till 2007 he was running a consulting company specializing in irrigation, water logging, drainage, agriculture, scientific equipment and horticulture. He had written 10 books on ground water in Sindh and many articles on Thar and Kohistan deserts of and engineering.

In 1964 he established a horticulture farm, specialized in fruit crops. This was converted into a research farm for introducing new fruit crops suiting climate of Sindh in 1985 and has developed many new varieties of fruit crops, which include 17 of mango 6 of lychee and many others. He was author of 36 books on culture and post-harvest of fruit crops. Many of them are not printed yet.

Considered as one man Sindhologist his hobby was studies of Sindh and he had published more than 500 pages on various aspects of Sindh. Ten more books on Sindh are ready for press. His personal library has some 50,000 non fictional books almost equally divided on Sindh, horticulture, engineering and environments etc, this library will be open for researchers by M. H. Panhwar trust which is run by his wife and sons. He widely traveled but lived at 157-C, Unit No.2, Latifabad, Hyderabad (Sindh), Pakistan, from where he ran his consultancy and research work he also maintained an office at 54-D, Block-9, Clifton, Karachi, Pakistan. He had four sons, Rafi Hussain (who passed away in 2004), Tariq Hussain, Sani Hussain and Muhammad Ali all settled in USA. His first wife died and his second wife Farzana a bio-chemist has authored many books and attended many international conferences.

In June 2003 Mr. M. H. Panhwar established a trust to undertake social work in Sindh. He has transferred his home, office, agriculture land comprising a farm/orchard and other property in the name of the Trust. The trust is now managed by his wife and sons and it plans to open a agriculture research center at his farm near Tando Jam and build a new structure for research library at his house in Latifabad. Mr. M. H. Panhwar passed away on 21st April 2007 in Latifabad Hyderabad.

Tribute/News Reports on his death

AWARDS

Any reproduction without prior approval is prohibited. This material is for educational purpose and reference use only, contact us at panhwar@yahoo.com with any question or suggestions.

 

The following publications are also available for downloading in Adobe Acrobat Format.

 

BOOKS BY M. H. PANHWAR

AN ILLUSTRATED HISTORICAL ATLAS OS SOOMRA KINGDOM OF SINDH (Full Book Click Here)

In Acrobat    

CHRONOLOGICAL DICTIONARY OF SINDH (FOR DOWNLOAD) PLEASE NOTE THAT IT MAY TAKE

LONG TIME TO OPEN UP THE FILE DUE TO ITS LARGE SIZE  (703 Pages. 217 MB)    

 

CHRONOLOGICAL DICTIONARY OF SINDH TO READ ON LINE CLICK HERE

 

SUSTAINABLE METHODS AS APPLIED TO RAISING FRUIT CROPS

In Acrobat    

WATER REQUIREMENT OF RIVERAIN AREA OF SINDH  

(Full Book Click Here) 

In Acrobat    

GROUND WATER IN HYDERABAD AND KHAIRPUR DIVISIONS  

(Full Book Click Here)

In Acrobat   

POST-HARVEST TECHNOLOGY OF MANGOES

In Acrobat   

LANGUAGES OF SIND BETWEEN RISE OF AMRI AND FALL OF MANSURA

i.e. 5000 YEARS AGO TO 1025 A.D.  (Full Book Click Here)

In Acrobat    

HISTORY OF IRRIGATION IN SINDH (Full Book Click Here)

In Acrobat    

SOURCE MATERIAL ON SINDH (Coming Shortly)

 

 

 

FREE SERVICES

A HORTICULTURE EXTENSION SERVICE LAUNCHED IN PRIVATE SECTION

In Acrobat     

 

PUBLICATIONS ON SINDH

In Alphabetical Order

5000 YEARS OF TRADE THROUGH BARBARICAN AND THE INDUS

In Acrobat

7000 YEARS OF WOMAN'S SLAVERY

In Acrobat

A VISIT TO DHARHIARO HILL PEAK IN SEARCH OF A SUMMER HILL

RESORT IN SINDH

In Acrobat

ABDULLAH HAROON AND HIS TIMES

In Acrobat

AFTER THE INDEPENDENCE IN 1947 DEVELOPMENT IN THE HISTORY

AND ARCHEOLOGY OF SINDH

In Acrobat

AGRICULTURE ECONOMY CRISIS IN SINDH

In Acrobat  

ALLEVIATION OF RURAL POVERTY

In Acrobat  

AN INTRODUCTION TO WILLEM FLOORS BOOK. "THE DUTCH EAST

INDIA COMPANY IN THE 17TH AND 18TH CENTURIES"  

In Acrobat  

ANCIENT GEOGRAPHICAL PLACES AND TRIBES OF  SINDH 

In Acrobat  

ANTIQUITY OF KARACHI (SINDH)  (READ IN SEMINAR ON KARACHI)

In Acrobat 

BOMBAY UNIVERSITY (MY EXAMINER 1942-47)

In Acrobat 

CAN PRESENT SYSTEM OF EDUCATION  PRODUCE SCIENTISTS IN

SINDH, OR MORE SO IN PAKISTAN?

In Acrobat 

CANAL FROM GUDDU WORKS TO NAGARPARKER

In Acrobat 

CAUSES OF DECLINE OF PERSIAN IN PAKISTAN

In Acrobat

CLIMATE OF SINDH AND IRRIGATION

In Acrobat

CLIMATIC CHANGE, ITS IMPACT AND FUTURE PLAN

In Acrobat

CLIMATIC CHANGES IN SINDH

In Acrobat

COMMENTS ON M.R. HAIGS BOOK “INDUS DELTA COUNTRY” 1894 

 TO READ THE WHOLE BOOK CLICK HERE

In Acrobat

COMMENTS ON RAVERTY’S “MIHRAN OF SINDH”

In Acrobat 

DESERTIFICATION OF RIVERAIN AREA IN SINDH AND EXTREME POVERTY

In Acrobat  

DESTRUCTION OF PROTECTED ARCHAEOLOGY SITES IN SINDH 

In Acrobat

DISMANTLING OF RAILWAYS IN SINDH

In Acrobat

DR. H. T. SORLEY  

In Acrobat

DROUGHT,  THE CAUSE  OF INVASIONS  OF THATTA BY MUHAMMAD

AND FEROZE TUGHLAQS AND FALL OF DELHI SULTANATE 1330-1400 AD

In Acrobat

EARLY IRRIGATION UNDER THE BRITISH, 1843-1932

In Acrobat

EARTHQUAKES, TORNADOES AND STORMS WATER EARTHQUAKES

ALONG THE INDUS DELTA AND BALUCHISTAN COAST.

In Acrobat

FAILURE OF A GATE OF SUKKUR BARRAGE, A LESSON FOR THE FUTURE.

In Acrobat

FIXING OF BOUNDARIES OF SINDH 1843-1947     

In Acrobat

FOUR ANCIENT RIVERS OF SINDH OR ONE LAC YEARS OF HISTORY

OF SANGHAR IN BRIEF

In Acrobat

GHULAM SHAH KALHORA AND RELATIONS WITH KUTCH

In Acrobat

HAKRA OR SARSWATI CONTROVERSY-Various Versions

of Scientists, Historians and Folk-Lorists.

In Acrobat

HEROIC STRUGGLE OF SINDH AGAINST FEUDALISM

In Acrobat

HILL STATION IN THE KHIRTHAR RANGE OF SINDH

In Acrobat

HISTORICAL MAPS OF SINDH 1600-1843 AD

In Acrobat

HISTORY OF KALHORAS

In Acrobat

HOW TO WRITE A HISTORY OF SINDH?  SOME SUGGESTION

In Acrobat

HUMAN RIGHTS IN TODAY’S SINDH

In Acrobat

IBN BATTUTTA AT SEHWAN (SINDH)

In Acrobat

IN SEARCH OF A SUMMER HILL RESORT IN SINDH

In Acrobat

INEVITABILITY OF THE CONQUEST OF SINDH BY THE BRITISH IN 1843

In Acrobat

INTERNATIONAL TRADE OF SINDH. FROM ITS PORT BARBARICON

(BANBHORE). (200 BC to 200 AD).

In Acrobat

IRRIGATION UNDER NOOR MOHAMMAD KALHORA 

In Acrobat

IRRIGATION WATER POLICY FOR SINDH

In Acrobat

“JEHRA GUL GULAB JA” Book Review

In Acrobat

JUSTICE OF JUSTICE MUNIR

In Acrobat

LAND DEVELOPMENT POLICY IN SINDH

In Acrobat

LAND GRABBING IN SINDH

In Acrobat

LAND GRANT POLICY IN SINDH

In Acrobat  

LANGUAGES OF SIND BETWEEN RISE OF AMRI AND FALL OF

MANSURA i.e. 5000 YEARS AGO TO

In Acrobat

LANGUAGE OF SINDH  400 B.C: 1000 A.D.

In Acrobat

LANGUAGE PROBLEM OF SINDH

In Acrobat

LAUNCHING OF M. H. PANHWAR'S BOOK "CHRONOLOGICAL

DICTIONARY OF SINDH"

In Acrobat

LETTER TO GHULAM MUSTAFA SHAH FROM WISCONSIN USA. APRIL 1980

In Acrobat

LITTLE ICE AGE SEVERITY IN SOUTH-ASIA 1600-1700 AD

In Acrobat

M. H. PANHWAR'S LARGEST  LIBRARY ON SINDH

In Acrobat

M. H. PANHWAR, A GREAT HISTORIAN

In Acrobat

MAPS OF SINDH 

In Acrobat

METHOLODOGY OF RESEARCH INTO HISTORY OF SINDH     

In Acrobat

MINIMUM FLOW OF INDUS BELOW KOTRI BARRAGE 

In Acrobat

MUHAMMAD HUSSAIN PANHWAR A PROUD PIONEER IN HORTICULTURE

In Acrobat

MY REMINISCENCES OF G. M. SYED

In Acrobat

MY REMINISCENCES OF G. M. SYED  Part II

In Acrobat

ON THE UNIQUENESS OF DADU DISTRICT IN SINDH

In Acrobat

ORIGIN OF CASTES (AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL STUDY OF FEW SINDHI TRIBES)

In Acrobat

PIR HASAMUDDIN RASHDI - A DEDICATED HISTORIAN

In Acrobat

PLAYING THE MAP GAME

In Acrobat

POLICING IN THE PAST IN SINDH  A CASE STUDY

In Acrobat

PRE-HARAPPAN CHRONOLOGY OF SINDH

In Acrobat

PROBLEM OF THAR AND KOHISTAN OF SINDH AND SOME SOLUTIONS

In Acrobat

PROBLEMS OF THE RIVERAIN AREA OF SINDH

In Acrobat

RANI KOT FORT

In Acrobat

RANIKOT FORT (ITS ODD LOCATION AND WHY?)

In Acrobat

REDUCING RURAL POVERTY

In Acrobat

REPLY TO ADMIRAL GULAB HIRANANDANI ENQUIRY ABOUT SINDH AND SINDHIS

In Acrobat

REVOLUTIONARY INVENTION OF JHALI

In Acrobat

RURAL WATER SUPPLY AND DRAINAGE

In Acrobat

SAYED GHULAM MUSTAFA SHAH SOME PERSONAL GLIMPSES

In Acrobat

SINDH ITS FOOD RESOURCES SINCE ANTIQUITY

In Acrobat

SINDH KUTCH RELATION. (TALK DELIVERED BY M. H. PANHWAR

ON 9TH DECEMBER 1979 AT NATIONAL MUSEUM KARACHI     

In Acrobat

SAVE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES

In Acrobat

SINDH THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF THE WORLD

In Acrobat

SINDH THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF THE WORLD; Part I

In Acrobat

SINDH THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF THE WORLD; Part II

In Acrobat

SINDH THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF THE WORLD; Part III

In Acrobat

SINDH WAS DEALT AN UNFAIR HAND

In Acrobat

SINDH-PUNJAB MISTRUST HAS LONG HISTORY

In Acrobat

SKETCHES, DRAWINGS, PAINTINGS AND PORTRAITS ON SINDH

In Acrobat

SPEECH OF M. H. PANHWAR AT SEMINAR ON RANIKOT.

In Acrobat

SPEECH OF M.H. PANHWAR AT A SEMINAR ON NERUNKOT

In Acrobat

THAL FLOOD CANAL PROJECT SOME FACTS 

In Acrobat

THE ART OF MAP-MAKING AND SOME RARE MAPS OF THE SOUTH

ASIA AND SINDH 140 AD TO 1808 AD

In Acrobat

THE DEVELOPMENT IN THE STURDY OF HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY

OF SINDH

In Acrobat

THE ECONOMIC PLIGHT OF SINDH UNDER PAKISTAN    

In Acrobat

THE ENVIRONMENTS THAT LEAD TO THE RISE AND FALL OF KALHORAS     

In Acrobat

THE INFLUENCE OF ANCIENT SCIENCES INCLUDING THOSE OF

SINDH ON AL-RAZI, THE GREAT PERSIAN SCIENTIST. 

In Acrobat 

THE INSTITUTE OF SINDHOLOGY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF SINDH  

In Acrobat

THE LARGE DAMS – THEIR DISADVANTAGES AND OBJECTIONS

TO THEIR CONSTRUCTION BY AID GIVING AGENCIES

In Acrobat

THE NEGLECTED RIVERINE AREA OF SINDH: THE PRESENT

SITUATION, AND SUGGESTIONS FOR ITS DEVELOPMENT.

In Acrobat

TWENTY FIVE YEARS OF RESEARCH WORK OF SINDHOLOGY 

In Acrobat

UN AUTHORIZED DIVERSION OF INDUS WATERS IN THE PUNJAB

AND CAUSING WATER SHORTAGE IN SINDH     

In Acrobat

UP-GRADING HOSPITAL FACILITIES IN SINDH

In Acrobat

URDU/HINDI CONTROVERSY

In Acrobat

VIOLATION OF 1991 WATER ACCORD BY 'ISRA' (INDUS

RIVER SYSTEM AUTHORITY)

In Acrobat

WATER THAT WE DRINK - IN SINDH

In Acrobat

 

AUTOBIOGRAPHY

DECLARED AS UNTOUCHABLE

In Acrobat 

DOOMS DAY OR QAYAMAT IS COMING, A PREDICTION

In Acrobat

HEALTH CARE IN THE VILLAGE

In Acrobat

HOONDA WILL YOU EAT BEEF

In Acrobat

INUNDATION CANALS AND WATER WORSHIP IN PRE-BARRAGE SINDH In Acrobat
KHIRDHAHI AND AIWAZ SHAH GRAVE-YARD In Acrobat
THE HINDU VILLAGE SHOPKEEPER AND INTEREST In Acrobat 
WELL IN THE VILLAGE “EUREKA” In Acrobat 

 

ARTICLES IN SINDHI

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Technical Articles by M. H. Panhwar

ADVISORY FARM NOTE ON MANGO 

In Acrobat

AGRICULTURE ECONOMY CRISES IN SINDH WHICH HAVE

 CRIPPLED RURAL ECONOMY (1950-2000) AGRICULTURE

 INFLATION 

In Acrobat

AGRO-CLIMATIC ZONES OF SINDH: FOR PROPER PLANNING

OF AGRICULTURE

In Acrobat

ALLEVIATION OF POVERTY IN PAKISTAN THROUGH

SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

In Acrobat

AN SCOPE FOR BETTER UTILIZATION OF POULTRY

DROPPINGS BY CONVERTING IT INTO CATTLE FEED AND METHANE 

In Acrobat

ARTIFICIALLY CREATED FRUIT PRICE CRISIS, AFTER

COTTON PRICE CRISIS 

In Acrobat

THE BANANA EPIDEMIC IN SINDH

In Acrobat

BIFURCATION OF AGRICULTURE SERVICES

In Acrobat

CORPORATE FARMING

In Acrobat

DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE ENGINEERING IN PAKISTAN

In Acrobat

DISAPPEARANCE OF CITRUS INDUSTRY IN SINDH

BETWEEN 1955-1960 AND ITS REHABILITATION

In Acrobat

FAILURE OF SINDH IN MODERNISING AGRICULTURE 

In Acrobat

FIRST BIO-GAS OF PAKISTAN

In Acrobat

FISHERIES POLICY FOR SINDH 

In Acrobat

FRUIT CROPS SUITABLE FOR VARIOUS DISTRICTS OF PAKISTAN 

In Acrobat

GRAPES IN SINDH

In Acrobat

GUIDELINES FOR INTRODUCING NEW FRUIT CROPS

In Acrobat

HISTORY OF IRRIGATION DRAINAGE AND FLOOD

MANAGEMENT IN SINDH 

In Acrobat

HOW GOVERNMENT HORTICULTURIST HAVE RUINED

FRUIT GROWERS IN PAKISTAN

In Acrobat

IMPORTANCE OF AGRO CLIMATE-SINDH AND THE

SOUTHERN PUNJAB A CASE STUDY 

In Acrobat

IMPROVING AGRICULTURE ECONOMY IN SINDH 

In Acrobat

IMPROVING AGRICULTURE IN SINDH 

In Acrobat

INVITATION TO PRESS TO TASTE NEW VARIETIES OF

MANGO GRAPES ETC.

In Acrobat

IS THE CLIMATE OF SINDH SUITABLE FOR RAISING

CITRUS FRUITS? 

In Acrobat

JOJOBA SUCCESSFULLY GROWN ON SIX ACRES IN PAKISTAN

In Acrobat

MARKETING OF FRUITS TO THE TOTAL DISADVANTAGE OF

FARMER AND RUINATION OF GROWERS 

In Acrobat

MANGO CITRUS FOR HOME GARDENS

In Acrobat

MEAT SHORTAGE IN SINDH AND SOME MEASURES 

In Acrobat

NEW MANGO CALLED ‘SINDHU’

In Acrobat

OCEANOGRAPHIC ARCHAEOLOGY IT’S POTENTIAL IN PAKISTAN  

In Acrobat

PINE APPLE AND OIL PALM IN THATTA DISTRICT.

In Acrobat

PLANNING FOR SCIENTIFIC AGRICULTURE AN URGENT NEED

In Acrobat

POST HARVEST PROBLEMS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLE

SUPPLIES IN THE CITY OF HYDERABAD

In Acrobat

PROMOTING ANIMAL HUSBANDRY TO PRODUCE RURAL

POVERTY IN SINDH 

In Acrobat

PROMOTING HORTICULTURAL CROPS TO ALLEVIATE

POVERTY IN SINDH AND THE SOUTHERN PUNJAB

In Acrobat

PROPOSED CORPORATE AGRICULTURE IN PAKISTAN

AND DANGERS INVOLVED 

In Acrobat

PROPOSAL FOR ESTABLISHING A FIELD

DRAINAGE EXPERIMENTAL FARM

In Acrobat

RECOMMENDED CULTURAL PRACTICES FOR MANGO IN

SINDH TRUTH OR MYTH

In Acrobat

RESEARCH CRITERIA FOR INTRODUCING NEW FRUIT

AND NUT CROPS

In Acrobat

SCOPE FOR PRAWN FARMING ALONG SINDH COAST

In Acrobat

SEEPAGE OF WATER FROM THE RIVER INDUS AND

OCCURRENCE OF FRESH GROUND WATER IN SINDH 

In Acrobat

SIMARUBA GALAUCA FRUITS IN SINDH

In Acrobat

SMALL TRACTORS AND IS THEIR USE WORTH-WHILE?

In Acrobat

STRANGULATION OF AGRICULTURE AND INCREASING

RURAL POVERTY IN SINDH AND LOWER PUNJAB 

In Acrobat

SUBSIDY ON TUBE-WELLS

In Acrobat

THE BANANA EPIDEMIC IN SINDH IMPORTED DISEASE

OR DELIBERATE SABOTAGE?

In Acrobat

TRAGEDY OF PAKISTAN AGRICULTURE CEREAL-CULTURE

VERSUS HORTICULTURE

In Acrobat

URBAN HORTICULTURE. (GROWING FRUITS, VEGETABLES,

HERBS AND FLOWERS IN BUNGALOWS FOR SINDH KARACHI. 

In Acrobat

WATER AND OTHER CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS OF

DOMESTIC LANDSCAPE GARDENS IN KARACHI  WATER

LOGGING AND SALINITY PROBLEMS AND ROLE OF NGOS

In Acrobat

WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN SELECTION OF MANGOES FOR

YOUR ORCHARD IN PAKISTAN 

In Acrobat

WHEAT A WONDERFUL GRAIN WITH WE HAVE CONVERTED

INTO DEADLY POISON

In Acrobat

WIND POWER DEVELOPMENT IN SINDH 

In Acrobat

 

Technical Articles by Mr. M. H. Panhwar & Mrs. Farzana Panhwar

CHIKU OR SAPODILLA THE NEGLECTED FRUIT OF SINDH

In Acrobat 

EARTHWORMS, VERMICASTS AND VERMI-CULTURE EXPERIENCE IN SINDH

In Acrobat 

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS AND PAKISTAN'S MANGO PRODUCTION

In Acrobat 

NEEM - A NATURAL PESTICIDE

In Acrobat 

SAMPHIRE - AN EDIBLE OIL CROP FOR SINDH 

In Acrobat 

SUSTAINABLE METHODS AS APPLIED TO RAISING FRUIT CROPS

In Acrobat 

WORK OF M.H. PANHWAR ON LYCHEE, LONGAN, PEACHES, APPLES AND GRAPES 

In Acrobat 

 

 

News Items

Do We Need Another Land Reforms

 

PAKISTAN ECONOMIST (Interview)

 

A Woman of Substance

 

Sindh was dealt an unfair hand’

 

Different Items from Daily Dawn

 

M. H. Panhwar's Contribution towards History of Sindh

(by: Umer Soomro)

 

Plan to set up Panhwar Research Chair

 

  

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